MONGOLIA: Parliamentary Elections, 28 June 2012

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Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Tsakhia ELBEGDORJ *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Sukhbaatar BATBOLD
  • Assembly: Mongolia has a unicameral State Great Hural (Ulsyn Ikh Khural) with 76 seats.

* To be eligible to seek the presidency, one must belong to a political party with seats in parliament but resign that party affiliation upon taking office.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is elected by parliament.
  • In the State Great Hural (Ulsyn Ikh Khural), 48 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 28 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

*** In the nominal tier, there will be 6 single-member constituencies, 18 two-member constituencies and 2 three-member constituencies.There is a five percent threshold in the PR tier.


  • Population: 3,179,997 (July 2012 est.)

Future elections

Past elections

Source: Election Guide

Thursday, June 28, 2012 (All day)
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iKNOW Politics's picture

July 3, 2012 23:38
iKNOW Politics

Cross posted from iKNOW Politics World News:

So, what was the impact of this quota on the number of MPs? Looking at the preliminary results for this year’s election, seven women have been elected directly in the 48 first-past-the-post contests: D Oyunkhorol (MPP), Ts Oyungerel (DP), G Uyanga (MPRP), S Odontuya (DP), and  Erdenechimeg (DP). Another four have been elected based on proportional representation: R Burmaa (DP), M Batchimeg (DP), Bayanselenge  (MPRP), and S Oyun (CWGP).  This means that a total of 9 women, or about 12% of the new parliament will be women. If D Arvin (DP) wins the run-off in Bayanzurkh this would mean 10 females MPs.

Read the complete story at Mongolia Today, published 3 July 2012.

CRosario's picture

July 15, 2012 22:03

iKNOW Politics would like to offer our congratulations to Oyungerel Tsedevdamba, iKNOW Politics expert and women's rights advocate, on her recent election to the Ikh Khural. The people of Mongolia will surely benefit from her service as an elected official. Here are some thoughts Oyuna shared with us on the recent elections:

"Women's role was huge in my victory. Mongolian women got united for past 2 years, raising national campaign with support of many international organizations like UNDP, and we named our campaign "Women Can" and we did show that women can break the glass ceiling! We've got 9 women in parliament (used to be 3 in 2008 election). The democratic women, of which I am the president, got 5 women elected in the parliament. We are very happy. and I am more than happy to share (as time permits) our experience in campaigning in a country where men kept absolute dominance."