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Papua New Guinea

  • Papua New Guinea
  • Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • Region: Asia & Pacific


Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Peter O'NEIL
  • Assembly: Papua New Guinea has a unicameral National Parliament with 109 seats.

* The Queen is represented by the governor general Michael OGIO.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Queen is the hereditary head of state.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the governor-general.
  • In the National Parliament 109 members are elected through an alternative voting system to serve 5-year terms.***

*** 89 members are elected from open electorates and 20 from provincial electorates.


  • Population: 6,310,129 (July 2012 est.)

Past elections

Source: Election Guide

Saturday, June 23, 2012 (All day) to Tuesday, July 17, 2012 (All day)
Papua New Guinea
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iKNOW Politics's picture

June 28, 2012 03:31
iKNOW Politics

Cross posted from iKNOW Politics World News:

Voting in Papua New Guinea's general election kicks off this weekend and a record number of candidates are hoping to win a seat in the country's parliament. 

But politics is a man's game in PNG and less than four per cent of the 3,400 candidates are women.

Our PNG correspondent Liam Fox caught up with two women who are trying to address the political gender imbalance.

Correspondent: Liam Fox, PNG correspondent

Speaker: Janet Snape, businesswomen and candidate for seat of Moresby North West; Ms Tekwie, leader of the PNG Greens party; Dame Carol Kidu, outgoing opposition leader

Listen to the complete story at Radio Australia, published 22 June 2012.

iKNOW Politics's picture

July 3, 2012 05:51
iKNOW Politics

Cross posted from iKNOW Politics World News:

The family ties help, and Ms Parua has returned usually three times a year to the home she keeps in her village, but she is denigrated by some of her rivals for being an inconsequential woman. ''They say women don't stand up in a sing-sing place and speak out on behalf of the clan or tribe, and therefore women can't stand up and speak for us in Parliament,'' she said.

Her campaign seeks a way around this. ''On the campaign trail my brothers - from the clan and the tribe we call each other brothers and sisters - say mothers are good managers of the home so why don't you vote for Margareth?'' Ms Parua said.

''A mother knows how to manage a home, it starts from home, so if you can manage your home, you go out, the basic understanding and expectation is the mother will manage whatever else she touches.''

Read the complete story at The Sydney Morning Herald, published 1 July 2012.
CRosario's picture

July 10, 2012 02:47

I have been watching the election season in PNG with much interest. Hopes were set high with the introduction of a 22 seat quota for women in the PNG Parliament last fall, then dashed with the bill failed to move forward after male MPs walked out instead of casting their votes for or against the measure. Dame Carol Kidu, the lone woman MP and tireless supporter of women's representation, is retiring at the end of her term. Despite the stalling of the quota bill, many women heard the call to participate and decided to run for election in a very patriarchal system. 136 women are running, less than 4% of total candidates, but they are making a strong impression and attracting international media attention. Polls are still open in some districts and votes will take weeks to be counted before we know the outcome for women's respresentation in the national governing body.

PNG is plagued by a host of social issues including poverty, lack of education and healthcare, rampant gender based violence, just to name a few. What will outcome be for PNG citizens if no women are elected to respresent women's perspective, which tends to be closest to these social problems?

I welcome your thoughts and comments on the campaigns of these brave women candidates, your prognosis for their success, and any ideas you have on future of women's respresentation in PNG.

iKNOW Politics's picture

July 23, 2012 05:35
iKNOW Politics

Cross posted from iKNOW World News:

Women win seats in PNG's Parliament

Delilah Gore and Loujaya Toni, who represent two different political parties, succeeded despite widespread opinions that no woman would win a seat in this year's election.

Their win is seen as major political step for women in PNG, which had only one female parliamentarian for the past couple of years, Dame Carol Kidu who retired last month.

Listen to the story at ABC Radio Australia, published 23 July 2012. Find more coverage at Australia News Networks

lesleyclark's picture

August 5, 2012 20:45

Reports coming in of a third woman elected in PNG, Julie Soso who contested the Eastern Highlands regional seat. I will post more details when confirmed.

CRosario's picture

August 6, 2012 03:13

Thanks Leslie! If 3 women are elected I believe that would match the highest number of women MPs elected in PNG history when 3 women were elected in 1977. Very exciting and challenging work ahead!