HONG KONG: Legislative Council Elections, 9 Sept
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President of China HU Jintao
- Head of Government: Chief Executive LEUNG Chun-ying
- Assembly: Hong Kong has a unicameral Legislative Council (LEGCO) with 70 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President of China is elected by indirect vote to serve a 5-year term. *
- The Chief Executive is indirectly elected by an electoral college.
- In the Legislative Council (LEGCO), 35 members are elected by plurality vote to serve 4-year terms and 35 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***
* The President of China is elected by indirect vote by an 800-member election committee to serve a 5-year term.
*** Hong Kong separates its tiers into what it calls Functional Constituencies (FCs) and Geographical Constituencies (GCs). All but two of the Functional Constituencies districts have a district magnitude of one. These are the FCs of Labour (3 seats) and District Council (second) with 5 seats. Rules vary for each functional constituency. 24 out of the 29 FCs elect one member through plurality vote in a single member district. Four FCs (Heung Yee Kuk, Agriculture and Fisheries, Insurance, and Transport) elect one MP through Alternative Vote. The District Council (second) FC uses closed-list PR to elect 4 MPs. Party list seats are allocated using the Hare quota.
- Population: 7,122,508 (July 2011 est.)
- Legislative - September 9, 2012
- Legislative - September 7, 2008
- Parliamentary - December 2, 2007
- Legislative - September 10, 2000
- Legislative - May 24, 1998
Source: Election Guide.