HONG KONG: Legislative Council Elections, 9 Sept

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Hong Kong

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President of China HU Jintao
  • Head of Government: Chief Executive LEUNG Chun-ying
  • Assembly: Hong Kong has a unicameral Legislative Council (LEGCO) with 70 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President of China is elected by indirect vote to serve a 5-year term. *
  • The Chief Executive is indirectly elected by an electoral college.
  • In the Legislative Council (LEGCO), 35 members are elected by plurality vote to serve 4-year terms and 35 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

* The President of China is elected by indirect vote by an 800-member election committee to serve a 5-year term.

*** Hong Kong separates its tiers into what it calls Functional Constituencies (FCs) and Geographical Constituencies (GCs). All but two of the Functional Constituencies districts have a district magnitude of one. These are the FCs of Labour (3 seats) and District Council (second) with 5 seats. Rules vary for each functional constituency. 24 out of the 29 FCs elect one member through plurality vote in a single member district. Four FCs (Heung Yee Kuk, Agriculture and Fisheries, Insurance, and Transport) elect one MP through Alternative Vote. The District Council (second) FC uses closed-list PR to elect 4 MPs. Party list seats are allocated using the Hare quota.


  • Population: 7,122,508 (July 2011 est.)

Future elections

Past elections

  • Legislative - September 7, 2008
  • Parliamentary - December 2, 2007
  • Legislative - September 10, 2000
  • Legislative - May 24, 1998

Source: Election Guide.

Sunday, September 9, 2012 - 16:15
Hong Kong S.A.R., China
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