Votes for Women: Electoral Systems and Support for Female Candidates

It is a well-established finding that proportional representation (PR) is associated with greater female legislative representation than single member majoritarian systems However, the degree to which different types of PR rules affect voting for female candidates has not been fully explored. The existing literature is hampered by a reliance on cross-national data in which individual vote preferences and electoral system features affect one another.

In this study, Sona N. Golder, Laura B. Stephenson, Karine van der Straeten, André Blais, Damien Bol, Philipp Harfst and Jean-François Laslier draw upon an experiment conducted during the 2014 European Parliament (EP) elections to isolate the effects of different PR electoral systems. Participants in the experiment were given the opportunity to vote for real EP candidates in three different electoral systems: closed list, open list, and open list with panachage and cumulation. Because voter preferences can be held constant across the three different votes, the authors could evaluate the extent to which female candidates were more or less advantaged by the electoral system itself. The study concludes that voters, regardless of their gender, support female candidates, and that this support is stronger under open electoral rules. Concerns about voters being put off because of the presence of women on the ballot appear to be unfounded.

Click here to read the study

Resource type: 
© The Women and Politics Research Section of the American Political Science Association 2017
Publication year: 
January 2017
Focus areas: 

Add new comment

(If you're a human, don't change the following field)
Your first name.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.

You can also use below option to post comment using Social account

Recently Added Resources

Women in Politics Map: 2017

International Women's Day 2017 Theme: “Women in...

Summary of the e-Discussion on the SDGs and women...

Feminism, Facebook and Fake News: The case for women’s...

Empowering Women in Politics on a Global Scale

Women and Ghana’s 2016 Parliamentary Election

Women in Parliament in 2016: The year in perspective...