This consolidated response highlights strategies and policies that may be used in addition to gender quotas by political parties to increase the numbers of women in politics. The strategies described in this response include establishing women’s sections in political parties, providing women candidates with training and financial assistance to hold effective campaigns, creating a forum for women to lobby and discuss policy, and offering political parties incentives for promoting women in politics. Read more
This consolidated response illustrates the key steps to establishing a women’s party section as recommended by iKNOW Politics Experts as well as by scholars and practitioners in this field. The key steps include introducing the idea of founding a women’s section to party leadership, creating a legal framework and structure for the section, exploring funding options, and developing membership strategies. Read more
The adoption of the parity law in Senegal is an important step on the way to increased political participation and equal political representation of women. Senegal’s women were rightfully proud of this landmark achievement, but other countries’ experiences with parity laws show that there is long road between the adoption of such laws and their effective implementation.
This consolidated response will detail how parity laws have been implemented elsewhere, what aspects of their implementation bring most difficulties, and how such potential stumbling blocks could be overcome. It will focus... Read more
This consolidated response highlights barriers faced by women in Muslim countries in funding their political campaigns and participating in public life. The consolidated response also discusses the impact of existing legislation, political parties, women’s organizations and international institutions on women’s participation in politics in these countries and provides strategies to overcome it. Read more
This consolidated response highlights the role of international organizations, national governments, and non-profit women’s organizations in mainstreaming gender into national policies and legislation of the South-East Asian countries. Read more
This consolidated response highlights some of the important aspects and examples of mainstreaming gender into legislative frameworks in the Americas. Some of these include the creation of national machineries to promote gender equal policies, the impact of international conventions and agreements on governments’ commitment to advance gender equality, and the use of gender-sensitive budgets and initiatives as a tool to promote equal economic and social opportunities for both men and women. Read more
This consolidated response highlights various types of quotas adopted in African countries and provides details on the implementation of quotas under different electoral systems. The response also includes several annexes with data on quotas based on country and on quota type. Read more
This consolidated response highlights recommendations on how to empower independent women candidates to succeed in elections. These recommendations include providing training sessions, working with civil society organizations, forming women’s caucuses and coalitions, holding public outreach campaigns, and lobbying political parties. Read more
Women's political parties have been observed in countries across the globe such as Afghanistan, Armenia, Belarus, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Greece, Iceland, Iran, India, Lithuania, Northern Ireland, Poland, and Russia. While their success has been varied, in many places they have prompted a discussion on women's rights and roles in a country's political system
This consolidated response will first discuss the reasons that would necesitate setting up an all-women’s political party. It will then examine the pre-conditions (socioeconomic and legal) and practical considerations when... Read more
Embora o Brasil tem desfrutado de democracia por apenas 25 anos, o gabinete atual apresenta um número recorde de ministros do sexo feminino (10 que compõem 26% do gabinete). Isso está em contraste com 2008, quando o Brasil foi um dos países do mundo com a mais baixa proporção de mulheres em cargos públicos. As eleições presidenciais estão agendadas para ocorrer em outubro de 2014, como é que o aumento da participação política das mulheres impactou o país nos últimos anos? Como tem influenciado o movimento feminista do Brasil?
Resposta pela nossa especialista Maíra Kubík Mano. Abra o documento... Read more
In most countries a woman’s right to vote is enshrined in law, leaving no formal legal barriers to the electoral participation of women. In practice, however, many obstacles still keep women from casting their vote. The hurdles can be daunting, especially for women looking to run for office and for women in post-conflict situations, and are often difficult to overcome.
This consolidated response considers how polling station management can increase women’s electoral participation. While polling station management offers no quick fix for the low level of women’s electoral participation in some... Read more
This consolidated response includes descriptions of family and proxy voting and provides recommendations on how to eliminate family voting through holding trainings and public awareness campaigns, strengthening legislative frameworks, and sensitizing election commissioners and observers on issues faced by women. Read more
This consolidated response is based on the contributions of iKNOW Politics Experts and a complementary research done by the iKNOW Politics team on the profile of women elected to local governments in Latin America. Read more
In electoral and decision-making processes, women - and especially young women - often find themselves spectators rather than active participants. While there are many factors at play, non-education stands out as one of the key reasons for the lack of young women’s political participation. Women remain disproportionally affected by illiteracy in all parts of the world, but in Africa and Asia in particular girls face considerable difficulties acquiring basic reading and writing skills.
This consolidated response will first discuss how illiteracy and non-education affect political participation... Read more
According to Marcia J Bates, professor at UCLA, "Information behaviour is the currently preferred term used to describe the many ways in which human beings interact with information, in particular, the ways in which people seek and utilize information.” How do we find the information we need? How do we identify what it is we are lacking, and how do we go about obtaining it? What sources do we turn to, and how do we process, analyse and distribute knowledge? Though these may be common practices these are not the questions asked often enough by women in politics, but they are essential to... Read more
This consolidated response highlights the impact of religious norms and religion on women’s political participation. The response also describes women’s participation in religious institutions and religious political parties, as well as women’s resistance to religious limitations to their political participation. Read more
This consolidated response highlights the skills and techniques that young women can use to get involved and gain recognition in politics. The response specifically highlights the importance of developing strong communications skills, building support networks both within and outside political parties, volunteering and getting involved in community and non-profit organizations, and staying informed about socio-political issues. Read more
This consolidated response discusses factors stimulating the advancement of women in politics in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some of the highlighted factors include gender quotas in politics, national women’s movements, and the spillover effect of democratic values throughout the continent. Read more