“The case of the Costa Rican domestic workers perfectly illustrates the need to shift the debate beyond numbers to consider how inclusive and representative our political systems truly are – at all levels.
Whilst the advances made in women’s parliamentary representation worldwide is no doubt a cause for celebration we know full well that ‘bums on seats’ are not enough. Attention must increasingly turn to ensuring women parliamentarians reflect the diversity of societies in which they live and that their increased participation translates into actual influence.”
We invite our users to read the... Read more
Agnes Francesci Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Costa Rica
Interview with Ms Agnes Francesci, Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Costa Rica during the 128th session of the Inter-Parliamentary Union Assembly which took place March 22-27, 2013, in Quito, Ecuador. Read more
Costa Rican voters appear likely to elect Laura Chinchilla the country’s first female president, a protege of Nobel laureate Oscar Arias who holds a nearly 20-point lead over two male rivals ahead of Sunday’s balloting. Laura Chinchilla’s election would mark another political triumph in the storied career of outgoing President Arias, who has been regularly called on to put out Central America’s political fires. Laura Chinchilla was Arias’ vice president before launching her campaign.
For more information, please visit: Laura Chinchilla Costa Rica Read more
This Declaration, known as a pedagogic and debate work tool, is a proposal, in permanent construction, of the Declaration of Human Rights from a Gender Perspective, that integrates the progress related to human rights since 1948. It presents the following chapters:I. Rights of identity and citizenship.II. The right to peace and to a violence-free life.III. Sexual and reproductive rights.IV. Right to development.V. Environmental rights. Read more
This document analyzes the changes in Latin America and the relationship between democratic governance and the reform of gender inequality practices. It provides two sections that evaluate the concept of governance, and the reflection on the relationship between gender and institutions. It also emphasizes the work of the women’s movement to achieve the democratization of societies and the regulation of institutional frameworks based on gender parity. Read more
The likely victory of Michelle Bachelet in Chile’s presidential elections will strengthen women’s political power in Latin America, a region where while progressing, still sees millions of women as the victims of discrimination and violence.
Despite women’s success in top positions in politics, a Latin American woman with thirteen or more years of schooling still earns 37% less than men with the same education, according to the Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA).
We invite our users to read the complete article published November 13 2013 Read more
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term. In the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) 57 members are elected by direct popular vote to serve 4-year terms.Description of electoral system: * The President is elected by qualified majority to serve a 4-year term. * In the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) 57 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.****** There are seven constituencies corresponding to Costa Rica's provinces, and seats are apportioned to each in proportion to population. Seats... Read more
"In the game of politics, everyone thinks that they’re the best. So if you’ve got a reason to be there, you have to keep on progressing." -Epsy Campbell
iKNOW Politics: Welcome, Epsy, and thank you for finding time to speak with iKNOW Politics. First of all, could you tell our readers a little bit about your life and your background?
I am Costa Rican and in terms of my cultural identity an African descendant. I would call myself a citizen of the world, because I have a right to do so. After all, if in the era of globalization multinational companies have the right to set up everywhere,... Read more
The author reponds to the following questions: What laws have been adopted in Latin American countries regarding funding for women in politics? To what extent have these been adopted and what sanctions are there for incompliance? Analyzing the lesgilation of Costa Rica.
This consolidated response highlights some of the important aspects and examples of mainstreaming gender into legislative frameworks in the Americas. Some of these include the creation of national machineries to promote gender equal policies, the impact of international conventions and agreements on governments’ commitment to advance gender equality, and the use of gender-sensitive budgets and initiatives as a tool to promote equal economic and social opportunities for both men and women. Read more
This Report evaluates the evolution of the Cairo Program of Action, and focuses on sexual and reproductive rights and sexual and reproductive health. It identifies and analyzes the normative progress in 20 countries in the region. It also presents issues relating to HIV/AIDS prevention and violence against women. The legislative situation has been examined independently of enforcement or actual impact, except in those countries where different reports have been made for committees monitoring compliance with United Nations conventions and treaties. Read more
Costa Rica will hold legislative and presidential elections on February 2, 2014.
It's Legislative Assembly currently has 22 women (39%) out of 57 seats. According to Articles 2 and 148 (1) of the 2009 Electoral Law, all nominations for elections must comply with the rules of parity and alternation. In other words, 50% of the candidates must be of each gender and 2 persons of the same sex cannot be subsequently included on the list of candidates.
There are currently 13 presidential candidates, none of which are women. The current president, a woman, Laura Chinchilla Miranda, is Costa Rica's... Read more
30 Years of Democracy: Riding the Wave? Women’s Political Participation in Latin America. “Ginger Rogers did everything Fred Astaire did, except backwards and in high heels.”
This report examines the progress made in women’s participation at all levels of public and party decision making, in the three decades since the start of the third wave of democratization, drawing on data from 18 countries in the region. It goes beyond mere numbers, highlighting not only the progress that has been made, but also some of the obstacles that women face in public life and presents a number of... Read more
This case study documents the results of a workshop that brought together researchers and practitioners to collect country- and region-specific information on quota implementation and enforcement in Latin America. It provides an overview of the presentations and discussions that emerged from the workshop, as well as the full papers submitted by the experts. Read more
This publication draws together the experiences and lessons learnt by Central American women working on promoting gender equity in local government. Opportunities and obstacles for women presented by decentralisation are explored with reference to official mechanisms for citizens’ participation, participation in elected office and the political system and culture. Read more