Although perceived changes in political participation patterns amongst young people in recent years have attracted much academic research in established democracies this remains an understudied area in the newer post-communist democracies of Central and Eastern Europe. In established democracies, researchers have shown that although many young people are increasingly shunning traditional forms of political involvement, suchas voting and political party membership, instead they are turning to more direct methods such as volunteering and protest. Despite evidence that young people in newer... Read more
The statement issued by the Muslim Brotherhood in response to the UN Commission on the Status of Women draft Agreed Conclusions on violence against women, is nothing short of an assault on their most basic rights as citizens and human beings, says Hoda Elsadda ,
The 57th session of the Commission on the Status of Women at UN headquarters (4-15 March) which ended with an Agreed Conclusions was particularly eventful, with a group of countries, including Egypt, attempting toroll back some hard-won rights.
On March 14th 2013, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) in Egypt issued astatement condemning... Read more
This guide is based on a three-week on-line discussion on young women and HIV/AIDS, hosted by The Association for Women's Rights in Development and UNIFEM. It provides an overview of the on-line discussions, highlights young women’s leadership in HIV/AIDS, and provides useful activities for those who want to start campaigns to raise awareness and decrease stigma in their communities. It targets young women who are leaders in their community. Read more
Historically, customs and traditional laws in Africa hindered women's access to education and development, while promoting, to a varying degree, a culture of male dominance across the continent. However, there is now growing recognition of the crucial role women play in overcoming the social, economic and political challenges faced by the continent. Policy changes for this purpose are now being widely advocated, although there is significant scope to progress women's rights and participation. The democratization process has brought a timid but significant increase in the participation of... Read more
This powerpoint presentation was given during the Regional Conference on Women's Political Participation: Charting a Path for Political Equality in Asia, organized by UNDP and the National Committee on Gender Equality of Mongolia. Ms. Rabindranath explored avenues that women can take to get into politics, in addition to traditional methods, including:
Peace building and nation building
Exposure to democratic principles
Social movements and student activism
Male role models
The presentation is available for download in English and Mongolian. Read more
Numerous behavioral studies have found women to be more trust-worthy and public-spirited than men. These results suggest that women should be particularly effective in promoting honest government. Consistent with this hypothesis, we find that the greater the representation of women in parliament, the lower the level of corruption. We find this association in a large cross-section of countries; the result is robust to a wide range of specifications.
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This article celebrates the life and work of Bella Abzug, co-founder of the Women's Environment and Development Organization (WEDO). It highlights her achievements in advancing women's rights and equality. Read more
This article advances the argument that parliaments confronting situations of crisis and recovery benefit from integrating a gender perspective into their core functions. It argues that women and men are differently affected by conflict, and that a gender lens is essential in helping parliamentarians understand when and how the needs of men and women differ in crisis and recovery situations. Read more
This issue of "Conflict Trends, on Women, Peace and Security" contains several articles that seek to stimulate debate regarding the positive contributions that women make on peace and security issues in Africa. The authors address two main issues: first, the risks and challenges that women face on the continent; and second, the achievements that have been made to mainstream gender at decision-making levels of sub-regional organizations. Read more
This paper discusses the participation of women in post-conflict societies and examines the problems they face in their efforts to participate in elections. It also describes the legislative measures that have been taken in several countries to enhance the participation of women. Read more
This research paper examines the theory of women’s empowerment, and explores the challenges faced by practitioners and policy makers in implementing this theory. Using the case study of women in panchayati raj (Indian village councils), the author analysis the concept of empowerment through the lens of boundaries and spaces. The author explores the types of struggles women face when taking up new opportunities, some of the impact of political quotas in India, and presents an alternative interpretation of empowerment.
The paper begins by looking at the concept of empowerment from the framework... Read more
Women’s human rights discourse and movements have become entangled within a culture-versus-rights dualism. Yakin Ertürk argues that this is a false dualism which serves both private patriarchy and public patriarchy of neo-liberal globalisation
The 1990’s was a remarkable period in experiencing the unravelling of a world order that has characterised much of the twentieth century, and in revealing the contradictory tendencies towards and trends in the making of a new social contract between and within societies in the post cold war era.
This period witnessed a new awakening in human rights... Read more
This article highlights the recent increase in programs devoted to civil society development, and the simultaneous decrease in programs aimed at strengthening political parties and institutions. The author argues that strengthening political parties and institutions is critical to democratic development, and that even in countries with strong civil societies, weak political parties and institutions may hamper the development of a healthy democracy. Read more
This document analyzes the changes in Latin America and the relationship between democratic governance and the reform of gender inequality practices. It provides two sections that evaluate the concept of governance, and the reflection on the relationship between gender and institutions. It also emphasizes the work of the women’s movement to achieve the democratization of societies and the regulation of institutional frameworks based on gender parity. Read more
In these series of articles policy makers, practitioners, and academics discuss long-running conflicts around the world and highlight women's experiences and potential to contribute both to war and peace. Read more
This paper is aimed at stimulating discussions in the round table on human rights, gender and HIV/AIDS. It discusses the human rights and gender targets in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and elaborates on strategies to achieve these targets. Read more
Citing examples from the New Zealand House of Representatives, this paper tests the claim that women can influence political decisions only once they achieve a critical mass within legislative bodies. The conclusion is that the possible impact of women in parliaments cannot be determined by numbers alone. Read more
This policy paper calls for the party assistance community to develop joint principles for project needs assessment, monitoring of implementation and impact evaluation, that would make activities more effective and efficient. Read more
Women activists say they won a major step forward with Egypt's new constitution, which enshrined greater rights for women. But months after its passage, they're worrying whether those rights will be implemented or will turn out to be merely ink on paper.
The causes for concern are many. Men hold an overwhelming near-lock on decision-making in politics, and activists say they are doing little to bring about equality. Violence against women in public space has grown over the past three years of turmoil since the 2011 ouster of autocrat Hosni Mubarak. And some activists say the increasingly... Read more
The paper includes three brief case studies of the electoral processes in Yemen, Lebanon and Jordan. It attempts to assess how the electoral process in each of these countries was supportive, or not, of women’s participation. It also identifies the similarities and differences among them to help draw conclusions and make recommendations on how to better support women’s participation in elections in the Arab region, as well as in other post-conflict countries. Read more