Academic Paper / Article

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Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Strengthening women's participation in local governance: lessons and strategies
South Africa has made great strides in establishing a constitutional and legislative framework for building a participatory democracy. This paper seeks to explore the extent to which existing participatory mechanisms enable active participation by...
Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Political Participation of Women in Local Governance: A Case Study of Selected Local Government Bodies in Eastern Sri Lanka
Although Sri Lanka has 51% women, their participation in local governance as well as in the national parliament is 5% in total. The strong social development indicator of women in areas such as health and education has not translated into their...
Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Women in local government: what we know and where we go from here
Women are underrepresented in most elected and appointed positions in local government in the United States. This essay details what we know about women’s representation in cities and counties, with a discussion of the factors associated with women’...
Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Contesting gender quotas: dynamics of resistance
Gender quotas have diffused rapidly around the globe in recent decades, suggesting widespread and dramatic transformations in women's access to political power. Yet, quotas often face serious challenges following their introduction, resulting in a...
Monday, March 25, 2019
“The quota encouraged me to run”: evaluating Jordan’s municipal quota for women
Gender quotas are a means to improve women’s political representation. This article examines the impact of Jordan’s municipal quota enacted in 2007. The quota drew into the political arena women who would otherwise not have run for office. Women...
Friday, December 07, 2018
Women in politics: Gaining ground for progressive outcomes in Pakistan
Inclusive politics remains an elusive goal in Pakistan, which has a history of military interference in governance institutions, unstable elected governments and internecine conflict. Women’s voices, within the corridors of power or as constituents...
Monday, November 19, 2018
Violence against women in politics: A rising global trend
Recent years have witnessed a troubling rise in reports of assault, intimidation, and abuse directed at politically active women. The United Nations General Assembly first called for zero tolerance for violence against female candidates and elected...
Monday, November 19, 2018
The law and violence against women in politics
Latin America has been at the vanguard in implementing diverse strategies to combat violence against women in politics (VAWIP). In 2012, Bolivia became the first country to criminalize “political violence and harassment against women” with Law 243....
Monday, November 19, 2018
Making gender visible in election violence: Strategies for data collection
Election violence is an important issue from a number of perspectives. Understanding the causes and consequences of violations of personal integrity is always relevant, but election violence adds a different dimension to this already serious issue:...
Friday, November 16, 2018
Turning the tide on violence against women in politics: How are we measuring up?
Violence against women in politics (VAWP) is a human rights violation, as it prevents the realization of political rights. Violence against women in political and public life can be understood as “any act or threat of gender-based violence,...
Monday, October 22, 2018
Conceptualizing and measuring women’s political leadership: From presence to balance
This article conceptualizes an innovative understanding and measurement of women’s political leadership, theoretically justifies its application, and analyzes contemporary variation in its patterns through comparative case studies. In recent years,...
Monday, October 01, 2018
It's time to address sexual violence in political institutions in Canada
Young women are entering political institutions at high rates; however, this does not translate into the number of women candidates, elected officials, or in senior leadership within political institutions. More than 80% of young women with a median...
Wednesday, July 18, 2018
Working paper: Maternal mortality and women’s political participation
Maternal mortality, defined as the death of women within 42 days of childbirth, remains a looming global health problem well into the 21st century. It is estimated to account for 830 deaths per day, and more than 216 deaths per 100,000 live births...
Monday, June 11, 2018
Paper on women legislators and economic performance
The ” Women legislators and economic performance” working paper by researchers at the universities of Essex, Michigan, Siegen, and Youngstown has found that Indian constituencies that elected women recorded “significantly higher growth” in economic...
Friday, November 10, 2017
Voting for Women in Belgium's Flexible List System
Abstract Proportional electoral systems tend to be more beneficial for women's descriptive representation than majority systems. However, within proportional systems the gender equality of election outcomes differs, highlighting the importance of...
Thursday, October 19, 2017
Women in parliament: Assessing the effectiveness of gender quotas in Poland
Gender quotas aim to increase women’s parliamentary representation. However, the effectiveness of quotas varies. This article explores this issue further by examining the case of Poland, where gender quotas were introduced in 2011. The Polish case...
Thursday, October 19, 2017
Book: Has Democracy Failed Women?
Why are women still under-represented in politics? Can we speak of democracy when women are not fully included in political decision-making? Some argue that we are on the right track to full gender equality in politics, while others talk about women...
Thursday, August 10, 2017
Paper on Women’s Political Parties in Europe
This paper considers the emergence of women’s parties, their nature, and development in a comparative framework. Using an original dataset derived from European electoral commissions, statistical offices, national libraries, media archives, party...