Languages

Expert responses

B | C | E | F | G | H | I | M | P | T | W

B

This consolidated response highlights strategies and policies that may be used in addition to gender quotas by political parties to increase the numbers of women in politics. The strategies described in this response include establishing women’s...

C

This consolidated response in based on the commentaries and suggestions of an experts´ group about an analysis tool for electoral systems from a gender perspective elaborated by UN-INSTRAW.

E

This consolidated response illustrates the key steps to establishing a women’s party section as recommended by iKNOW Politics Experts as well as by scholars and practitioners in this field. The key steps include introducing the idea of founding a...
The adoption of the parity law in Senegal is an important step on the way to increased political participation and equal political representation of women.  Senegal’s women were rightfully proud of this landmark achievement, but other countries’...

F

This consolidated response highlights barriers faced by women in Muslim countries in funding their political campaigns and participating in public life. The consolidated response also discusses the impact of existing legislation, political parties,...

G

This consolidated response highlights the role of international organizations, national governments, and non-profit women’s organizations in mainstreaming gender into national policies and legislation of the South-East Asian countries.
This consolidated response highlights some of the important aspects and examples of mainstreaming gender into legislative frameworks in the Americas. Some of these include the creation of national machineries to promote gender equal policies, the...
This consolidated response highlights various types of quotas adopted in African countries and provides details on the implementation of quotas under different electoral systems. The response also includes several annexes with data on quotas based...

H

This consolidated response analyses what a gender equality policy means and the key steps as well as concrete measures for developing a political party gender equality policy.

I

This consolidated response highlights recommendations on how to empower independent women candidates to succeed in elections. These recommendations include providing training sessions, working with civil society organizations, forming women’s...

M

Women's political parties have been observed in countries across the globe such as Afghanistan, Armenia, Belarus, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Greece, Iceland, Iran, India, Lithuania, Northern Ireland, Poland, and Russia. While their success...
Dilma Rousseff
Embora o Brasil tem desfrutado de democracia por apenas 25 anos, o gabinete atual apresenta um número recorde de ministros do sexo feminino (10 que compõem 26% do gabinete). Isso está em contraste com 2008, quando o Brasil foi um dos países do mundo...

P

In most countries a woman’s right to vote is enshrined in law, leaving no formal legal barriers to the electoral participation of women. In practice, however, many obstacles still keep women from casting their vote. The hurdles can be daunting,...
This consolidated response includes descriptions of family and proxy voting and provides recommendations on how to eliminate family voting through holding trainings and public awareness campaigns, strengthening legislative frameworks, and...
This consolidated response is based on the contributions of iKNOW Politics Experts and a complementary research done by the iKNOW Politics team on the profile of women elected to local governments in Latin America.

T

In electoral and decision-making processes, women - and especially young women - often find themselves spectators rather than active participants. While there are many factors at play, non-education stands out as one of the key reasons for the lack...
According to Marcia J Bates, professor at UCLA, "Information behaviour is the currently preferred term used to describe the many ways in which human beings interact with information, in particular, the ways in which people seek and utilize...
This consolidated response highlights the impact of religious norms and religion on women’s political participation. The response also describes women’s participation in religious institutions and religious political parties, as well as women’s...
This consolidated response highlights the skills and techniques that young women can use to get involved and gain recognition in politics. The response specifically highlights the importance of developing strong communications skills, building...
This consolidated response discusses factors stimulating the advancement of women in politics in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some of the highlighted factors include gender quotas in politics, national women’s movements, and the spillover effect of...
This consolidated response is based on research conducted by the iKNOW Politics staff and contributions presented by the network´s experts. The consolidated response explores perceptions on training as a strategy to empower women in politics and...

W

This consolidated response highlights the important role that women play in referendum campaigns. It also discusses the importance of active participation of women and sensitivity to potential barriers to women’s participation in a referendum,...
This consolidated response analyzes the role and historical development of multi-party parliamentary women’s caucuses. The response looks into the goals, challenges and achievements of women's caucuses in parliaments in Latin American countries. It...
This consolidated response analyzes current situation of women’s participation in local governments around the world and discusses the impact of women’s engagement in local politics.
This consolidated response highlights types of positive action measures, advocacy campaigns, women’s movements, and educational opportunities that help women in traditional and conservative societies to overcome some of the barriers that they face...
This consolidated response highlights tools used to empower women candidates, such as providing training, working with political parties, using affirmative action measures,and holding outreach campaigns. The consolidate response also provides...