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Academic Paper / Article Resource
This article describes the participation of women in the 1994 election in South Africa, and the particular difficulties women candidates faced during this election.
Academic Paper / Article Resource
This paper, published in Gender and Development, discusses the research methodology and results of the 2005 Peace and Conflict Gender Analysis conducted by UNIFEM in the Solomon Islands. The use of...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the persistent obstacles to women’s and ethnic minority representation in politics, and to examine conditions and strategies across various...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
This article describes how caste identity determines the place that women activists are given by villagers in their fieldwork and within women's organisations. It also explores how Dalit women are...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
Using state-level variation in the timing of political reforms, we find that an increase in female representation in local government induces a large and significant rise in documented crimes against...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
Despite the Philippines’ patriarchal institutions, narrow elite class, and repression of women, other social variables such as family ties, the Catholic Church, corruption, and gender symbolism have...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
By describing the concepts of transformative leadership and transformative politics, this paper explains the importance of women’s leadership and highlights the roles they can play in transforming...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
Tunisia’s National Constituent Assembly (NCA) session held on 26 January 2014 did not put an end to disagreements among its members. However, it did represent the culmination of the work done by...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
Most would agree that a global gender equality regime has been established (for example CEDAW), but it is less clear how those global gender equality norms ‘travel’ to different localities and...

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Academic Paper / Article Resource
This paper explores gender issues as they relate to participation in urban governance, government responsibility and civic engagement. It advocates an increase in women's participation in the full...

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Academic Paper / Article Resource
This training manual is designed to improve party outreach strategies and encourage direct voter contact. It covers four main topics: new approaches to voter contact, reporting back to voters, image...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
Voters in all 28 member states of the European Union (EU) will go to the polls May 22–25, 2014, to elect representatives to the 751-seat European Parliament. It’s one of the largest democratic events...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
A backlash against women’s rights emerged in post-revolutionary Egypt. This paper argues that one of the reasons is the fact that former President Mubarak, his wife and son were the key decision...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
This paper attempts to explain the obstacles to women's public and political power in the Asia-Pacific region. It highlights the need for gender-sensitive politics and lists several reasons why women...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
For centuries, women’s political wings were clipped as the public sphere was deemed appropriate only for men. The occasional queen or woman warrior did emerge, but this was the exception. The rule...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
This working paper discusses gender issues within the broader context of citizenship. It allows for a nuanced analysis and understanding of the tremendous challenges, risks and forms of resistance...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
A new background paper from the World Bank written by Susan Markham, NDI’s director of women’s political participation, examines the status of women in politics and makes the case for the full and...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
  The World Bank’s World Development Report on Gender Equality and Development (WDR2012) identified women’s voice, agency and participation as a key dimension of gender equality and as a major
Academic Paper / Article Resource
This paper explores the empowerment of women in the context of knowledge society is understood as building the ability and skills. Those ability and skills of women to gain their insight of actions...
Academic Paper / Article Resource
Dr. Leila Nicolas Rahbani provides an in-depth report and analysis on the state of Arab women in the media in the Middle East and North Africa. The new information technologies have allowed women in...