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Academic Paper / Article

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | W | Y

A

Although perceived changes in political participation patterns amongst young people in recent years have attracted much academic research in established democracies this remains an understudied area in the newer post-communist democracies of Central...
Women in Egypt
The statement issued by the Muslim Brotherhood in response to the UN Commission on the Status of Women draft Agreed Conclusions on violence against women, is nothing short of an assault on their most basic rights as citizens and human beings, says...
This guide is based on a three-week on-line discussion on young women and HIV/AIDS, hosted by The Association for Women's Rights in Development and UNIFEM. It provides an overview of the on-line discussions, highlights young women’s leadership in...
Historically, customs and traditional laws in Africa hindered women's access to education and development, while promoting, to a varying degree, a culture of male dominance across the continent. However, there is now growing recognition of the...
This powerpoint presentation was given during the Regional Conference on Women's Political Participation: Charting a Path for Political Equality in Asia, organized by UNDP and the National Committee on Gender Equality of Mongolia. Ms. Rabindranath...
Numerous behavioral studies have found women to be more trust-worthy and public-spirited than men. These results suggest that women should be particularly effective in promoting honest government. Consistent with this hypothesis, we find that the...

B

This article celebrates the life and work of Bella Abzug, co-founder of the Women's Environment and Development Organization (WEDO). It highlights her achievements in advancing women's rights and equality.

C

This article advances the argument that parliaments confronting situations of crisis and recovery benefit from integrating a gender perspective into their core functions. It argues that women and men are differently affected by conflict, and that a...
This issue of "Conflict Trends, on Women, Peace and Security" contains several articles that seek to stimulate debate regarding the positive contributions that women make on peace and security issues in Africa. The authors address two main issues...
This paper discusses the participation of women in post-conflict societies and examines the problems they face in their efforts to participate in elections. It also describes the legislative measures that have been taken in several countries to...
This research paper examines the theory of women’s empowerment, and explores the challenges faced by practitioners and policy makers in implementing this theory. Using the case study of women in panchayati raj (Indian village councils), the author...
Women’s human rights discourse and movements have become entangled within a culture-versus-rights dualism. Yakin Ertürk argues that this is a false dualism which serves both private patriarchy and public patriarchy of neo-liberal globalisation...

D

This article highlights the recent increase in programs devoted to civil society development, and the simultaneous decrease in programs aimed at strengthening political parties and institutions. The author argues that strengthening political parties...
This document analyzes the changes in Latin America and the relationship between democratic governance and the reform of gender inequality practices. It provides two sections that evaluate the concept of governance, and the reflection on the...
In these series of articles policy makers, practitioners, and academics discuss long-running conflicts around the world and highlight women's experiences and potential to contribute both to war and peace.
This paper is aimed at stimulating discussions in the round table on human rights, gender and HIV/AIDS. It discusses the human rights and gender targets in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and elaborates on strategies to achieve these...
Citing examples from the New Zealand House of Representatives, this paper tests the claim that women can influence political decisions only once they achieve a critical mass within legislative bodies. The conclusion is that the possible impact of...

E

This policy paper calls for the party assistance community to develop joint principles for project needs assessment, monitoring of implementation and impact evaluation, that would make activities more effective and efficient.
Women activists say they won a major step forward with Egypt's new constitution, which enshrined greater rights for women. But months after its passage, they're worrying whether those rights will be implemented or will turn out to be merely ink on...
The paper includes three brief case studies of the electoral processes in Yemen, Lebanon and Jordan. It attempts to assess how the electoral process in each of these countries was supportive, or not, of women’s participation. It also identifies the...
This article encompasses material that was prepared for a training workshop on eliminating violence against women (VAW). It highlights ideas, concepts, policies, approaches and strategies for a greater involvement and engagement of men to eliminate...
Women have traditionally been marginalised from the structures of state that determine political and legislative  priorities. In recent years, Africa has witnessed rapid escalation in female political representation. This paper  illustrates the...
This article discusses the relevance of gender in the context of macroeconomic analysis, arguing that macroeconomic policies are gender-biased in their effects and that gender inequalities at the micro- and meso- levels have macroeconomic...
This paper examines the case of women's participation in electoral processes in Mozambique. It investigates gender-sensitive legislation, voter registration and education, political parties, and training of women candidates.
This paper is based on the experiences of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and its programme to provide support to women in parliaments of post-conflict countries. It focuses on the question of post election support and assesses the challenges...
The essays in this volume explore the multiple factors that influence the process of engendering governance in complex societies. They focus particularly on the changing roles of various actors such as women’s movements, the state and civil society...

F

This paper reveals the positive role that Maghribi women have been playing in the overall development of their countries. Four major interrelated domains where these achievements are significant are considered: women’s reproductive rights, women’s...
One of the unmistakeable notes of euphoria during the 'Arab spring' uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia came from women proclaiming that they finally felt safe in public spaces in societies where the record of sexual harassment and violence against women...
Well-targeted public investments that reduce inequality can be self-sustaining insofar as they raise the productive capacity of the economy and thereby stimulate growth. With growth come higher incomes, generating the tax base to fund future public...
This paper argues that participatory budgeting and analysis - whether it is pro-poor, environment-sensitive or gender responsive - offers a new and innovative means of encouraging a balanced distribution of public resources and ensuring government...
This article discusses women’s rights in Senegal through the prism of the country’s religion, culture and secularism. It also describes the globalization of women’s human rights and the response of fundamentalists to this issue.

G

This paper emphasizes the importance of a gender-based approach to national energy policies. It explains how the differing roles of men and women affect their energy needs and concerns, and how gender equity is essential to sustainable development...
This article examines the various approaches to understanding the relationship between women and poverty. It discusses traditional methods of analysis, which focus primarily on female-headed households, as well as new conceptualizations of poverty...
This paper explores the gendered dimensions of poverty, of poverty-producing processes, and of the methods for formulating gender-sensitive poverty eradication measures within the context of development.
This research paper focuses on gender and social capital in northern Nigeria and attempts to fill some of the knowledge gaps withing existing gender relations. It discusses the impact of gender roles on collective action and access to resources.
The author outlines changing approaches to women’s issues and gender equality in theUN system both before and since the International Women’s Year in 1975 and describeshow different UN organisations followed up the recommendations made by the...
This paper serves as a guideline for parliamentarians to facilitate the process of gender mainstreaming in Viet Nam by providing examples of best practices employed by parliaments around the world. It highlights the emerging gender issues with...
This article examines the relationships between various actors in Uganda who have an interest in advocacy on gender issues.
Presentation made by Professor Drude Dahlerup of the University of Stockholm at the Conference on Effective and Sustainable Participation of women in elected assemblies, held in Algiers, December 10-11.
This paper argues that effective poverty eradication measures and pro-poor governance indicators must take into account women's perspectives and needs. It explores the extent to which existing indicators of governance are gender-sensitive and pro-...

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